Jesus reading Isaiah (Lk 4:16-30) - "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me ..."
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Jesus Christ, the Eye of Prophecy


This talk was given at the 13th Colloquium of Syriac Patrimony under the title The Syriac Exegetes at the Maronite Patriarchal Seminary, Ghazir, Lebanon, in February, 2015. It was published in English and Arabic by Centre d’Études et de Recherches Orientales (CERO) in its Patrimoine Syriaque: Les Exégètes Syriaques – Actes du Colloque XIII (2015)We thank CERO for granting us permission to republish the English version on the hiddenpearl.org.


Abstract

The Treasury of Prophecy, i.e., the Old Testament, reveals the Son of God according to Jacob of Sarug. God the Father chose prophets to reveal this truth. Their prophecies disclose the only-begotten Son, his coming, crucifixion and resurrection in numerous types and symbols. These prophets gaze upon the Son through the exalted or luminous Eye of Prophecy (ܥܰܝܢܳܐ ܕܰܢܒܺܝܘܽܬܳܐ). For example, with the luminous Eye of Prophecy, David saw the Son, who heals the earth by his blood. Moses perceived with the exalted Eye of Prophecy the creation of the world ex nihilo. With the same Eye, he saw the Son of God united to his Church in the waters of the Jordan. The objective of this presentation is to elucidate Jacob’s understanding of the Eye of Prophecy and its relationship to Jesus Christ.
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The Cherub and the Penitent Thief (Lk 23:33-34) (excerpt) by Jacob of Sarug (ca. A.D. 451 – 521)


Painting from https://catholicismpure.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/the-repentant-thief/

The thief crucified on the right of Jesus said to him, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” (Lk 23:33-43) Jesus replied to him:
Amen, Amen, I say to you, be assured that today you will rejoice with me in [my] Kingdom. ܐܰܡܺܝܢ ܐܰܡܺܝܢ ܐܳܡܰܪ ܐ̱ܢܳܐ ܠܳܟ ܐܰܫܰܪ ܓܰܒܪܳܐ ܃ ܕܝܰܘܡܳܢܳܐ ܠܰܡ ܥܰܡܝ ܚܳܕܶܐ ܐܰܢ̱ܬ ܒܶܝܬ ܡܰܠܟܘܽܬܳܐ ܀
Since your tongue sang a hymn of praise among the faithless, you shall take delight in the banquet of life with Abraham.  ܕܒܶܝܬ ܛܳܠ̈ـܘܽܡܶܐ ܩܳܠ ܬܰܘܕܺܝܬܳܐ ܙܡܰܪ ܠܶܫܳܢܳܟ ܃ ܒܦܳܬܘܽܪ ܚܰܝ̈ܶܐ ܡܶܬܒܰܣܰܡ ܐܰܢ̱ܬ ܥܰܡ ܐܰܒܪܳܗܳܡ ܀
Since your lamp glared out of the thick darkness, you shall shine brightly in the bridal chamber of life with the heavenly beings. ܕܰܒܥܰܪ̈ܦܶܠܳܐ ܚܶܫ̈ܘܽܟܳܬܳܐ ܕܠܰܩ ܠܰܡܦܺܝܕܳܟ ܃ ܒܰܓܢܘܽܢ ܚܰܝ̈ܶܐ ܒܢܘܽܗܪܳܐ ܬܰܦܪܶܓ ܥܰܡ ܥܶܠܳܝ̈ܶܐ ܀
Since your ears have heard the troubling voices of scoffers, I shall comfort you with the shout of joy of the children of light (the angels). ܕܰܫܡܰܥ ܐܶܕܢ̈ܰܝܟ ܩ̈ܳـܠܶܐ ܫܓܺܝ̈ܫܶܐ ܕܰܡ̈ܒܰܙܚܳܢܶܐ ܃ ܒܗܰܘ ܝܘܽܒܳܒܳܐ ܕܰܒ̈ܢܰܝ ܢܘܽܗܪܳܐ ܡܒܰܝܰܐ ܐ̱ܢܳܐ ܠܳܟ ܀
Since you rejected the company of Caiaphas’ people, the defiled priests, I shall put on you the stole of light in the exalted wedding chamber. ܕܰܐܣܠܺܝܬ ܓܘܽܕܳܐ ܕܒܶܝܬ ܩܰܝܳܦܳܐ ܟܳܗ̈ܢܶܐ ܛܰܡ̈ܶܐܐ ܃ ܐܶܣܛܰܠ ܢܘܽܗܪܳܐ ܒܰܓܢܘܽܢ ܪܰܘܡܳܐ ܡܰܠܒܶܫ ܐ̱ܢܳܐ ܠܳܟ ܀
Take the key of light, reach the Garden of delights, and prepare the way for the King of light, whom the Nation rejected. ܩܠܺܝܕܳܐ ܕܢܘܽܗܪܳܐ ܣܰܒ ܠܳܟ ܘܰܡܛܺܝ ܠـܓܰܢܰܬ ܛܘܽܒ̈ܶܐ ܃ ܘܰܐܬܩܶܢ ܐܘܽܪܚܳܐ ܠܡܰܠܟܳܐ ܕܢܘܽܗܪܳܐ ܕܰܐܣܠܺܝ ܥܰܡܳܐ ܀
Ride on fire, travel on the blazing road, step on the abyss filled with fire, and do not be terrified. ܪܟܰܕ ܥܰܠ ܢܘܽܪܳܐ ܘܰܪܕܺܝ ܒܐܘܽܪܚܳܐ ܕܫܰܠܗܶܒܺܝܬܳܐ ܃ ܕܘܽܫ ܥܰܠ ܦܰܚܬܳܐ ܕܡܰܠܝܳܐ ܢܘܽܪܳܐ ܘܠܳܐ ܬܶܣܬܰܪܰܕ ܀
Proceed without delay, reach the orders of the heavenly beings, make level the paths, and greet the angels with the peace that came to pass. ܦܣܰܥ ܩܰܠܺܝܠܳܐ ܡܛܺܝ ܠܬܶܓܡ̈ܰܝܽܗܘܢ ܕܰܫ̈ܡܰܝܳܢܶܐ ܃ ܘܫܰܘܳܐ ܫܒܺܝ̈ܠܶܐ ܘܚܰܕܳܐ ܠܥܺܝܪ̈ܶܐ ܒܫܰܝܢܳܐ ܕܰܗܘܳܐ ܀
Pour into Eden the peace of your beautiful words, and say to those who perished that it (Eden) has been returned to the heir, Adam. ܙܠܘܽܥ ܒܳܗ݀ ܒܰܥܕܶܢ ܫܰܝܢܳܐ ܒܡ̈ܶܠܰܝܟ ܫܰܦܺܝܪ̈ܳܬܳܐ ܃ ܐ̱ܡܰܪ ܠܰܐܒܺܝ̈ـܕܶܐ ܕܶܐܬܦܰܢܺܝ ܠܶܗ ܝܳܪܬܳܐ ܐܳܕܳܡ ܀
If the fiery ranks come upon you, do not be terrified, for they will rejoice in your imperial rescript, and receive you on their wings. ܘܶܐܢ ܦܳܓܥܺܝܢ ܒܳܟ ܣܶܕܪ̈ܰܝ ܢܘܽܪܳܐ ܠܳܐ ܬܶܣܬܰܪܰܕ ܃ ܒܣܰܩܪܳܟ ܚܳܕܶܝܢ ܘܰܡܩܰܒܠܺܝܢ ܠܳܟ ܥܰܠ ܓܶܦ̈ܰܝܗܘܽܢ ܀
Ezekiel's Vision - See Ez 1; 10
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The Chariot That Ezekiel Saw (Ez 1; 10) (excerpt) by Jacob of Sarug (ca. A.D. 451 – 521)


Icon written by Betsy Porter. To see and support her work, please visit: http://www.betsyporter.com

Behold the body of the Son of God is placed on the [altar] table, and spiritual hosts surround it. ܥܰܠ ܦܳܬܘܽܪܳܐ ܗܳܐ ܣܺܝܡ ܦܰܓܪܶܗ ܕܒܰܪ ܐܰܠܳܗܳܐ ܃ ܘܰܟܪܺܝܟܺܝܢ ܠܶܗ ܚܰܝ̈ܠܰܘܳܬܳܐ ܪ̈ܘܽܚܳܢܳܝ̈ܶܐ ܀
Splendiferously, they stand, trembling, and serve it with those below lest it not be honored. ܘܰܒܙܰܗܝܘܽܬܳܐ ܩܳܝܡܺܝܢ ܟܽܠܗܘܽܢ ܟܰܕ ܪܰܬܺܝܬܺܝܢ ܃ ܘܰܡܫܰܡܫܺܝܢ ܠܶܗ ܥܰܡ ܬܰܚ̈ܬܳܝܶܐ ܕܠܳܐ ܢܶܨܛܰܥܰܪ ܀
The altar is set up instead of the heavenly chariot, and on it (the altar) is exalted the One, with whose glory heaven is filled. ܘܡܰܬܩܶܢ ܡܰܕܒܚܳܐ ܚܠܳܦ ܡܰܪܟܰܒܬܳܐ ܕܰܫ̈ܡܰܝܳܢܶܐ ܃ ܘܡܶܙܕܰܝܰܚ ܒܶܗ ܗܰܘ ܕܰܫܡܰܝܳܐ ܡܠܶܝܢ ܬܶܫܒܘܽܚܬܶܗ ܀
These burning coals in the core of the chariot are divided on the [altar] table for the whole world. ܘܗܳܠܶܝܢ ܓܘܽܡܪ̈ܶܐ ܕܺܐܝܬ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܒܥܘܽܒܶܗ ܕܗܳܝ ܡܰܪܟܰܒܬܳܐ ܃ ܗܳܐ ܡܶܬܦܰܠ̈ـܓܳܢ ܥܰܠ ܦܳܬܘܽܪܳܐ ܠܥܳܠܡܳܐ ܟܽܠܶܗ ܀
The priest stands instead of the man wearing linen, comes out, and scatters Pearls on the needy. ܘܰܚܠܳܦ ܓܰܒܪܳܐ ܕܰܠܒܺܝܫ ܒܘܽܨܳܐ ܟܳܗܢܳܐ ܩܳܐܶܡ ܃ ܢܦܘܽܩ ܢܶܕܪܶܐ ܡܰܪ̈ܓܳܢܝܳܬܳܐ ܥܰܠ ܚܰܣܺܝܪ̈ܶܐ ܀
One of the heads of the hosts stands by him, and extends, through the Holy Spirit, bread for the priest to break.  ܘܚܰܕ ܡܶܢ ܪ̈ܺܫܶܐ ܕܚܰܝ̈ܠܰܘܳܬܳܐ ܩܳܐܶܡ ܨܶܐܕܰܘܗ̱ܝ ܃ ܘܰܒܪܘܽܚܩܘܽܕܫܳܐ ܡܰܘܫܶܛ ܠܰܚܡܳܐ ܠܟܳܗܢܳܐ ܢܶܩܨܶܐ ܀
He brings out from the house of the Father incomprehensible riches that the whole world, which was needy and destitute, be enriched.  ܘܡܰܦܶܩ ܥܘܽܬܪ̈ܶܐ ܕܠܳܐ ܡܶܬܕܰܪܟܺܝܢ ܡܶܢ ܒܶܝܬ ܐܰܒܳܐ ܃ ܕܟܽܠܶܗ ܥܳܠܡܳܐ ܣܢܺܝܩܳܐ ܢܶܥܬܰܪ ܕܰܡܓܰܙܰܝ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܀
Rivers of living waters pour forth on earth from the fountainhead which the spear opened on Golgotha.  ܘܫܳܦܥܺܝܢ ܒܰܐܪܥܳܐ ܢܰܗܪ̈ܰܘܳܬܳܐ ܕܡܰܝ̈ܶܐ ܚܰܝ̈ܶܐ ܃ ܡܶܢ ܡܰܒܘܽܥܳܐ ܕܬܶܪܥܰܬ ܪܘܽܡܚܳܐ ܥܰܠ ܓܳܓܘܽܠܬܳܐ ܀
Imaged published at http://www.ox.ac.uk/admissions/graduate/courses/mst-syriac-studies
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Syriac, Spiritual Ancestral Language, Key to a Vast Treasury


Aramaic, an ancient language spoken in the Near and Middle East, goes back to the 9th century BC. Like any language, it evolved with time and broke off into several dialects. Syriac (Suryoyo), one of these dialects that came to the scene decades after the Ascension of our Lord, became the dominant Christian literary language among the Peoples who spoke these various local Aramaic tongues and whose presence extended from the coast of present day Lebanon all the way to China.
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